The northern shore of lake Balaton is a uniquely diverse environment, both in terms of local microclimates and mineral-rich soils. Viticulture has ebbed and flowed here since the times of ancient Romans, and continues to carry rich traditions to yield exceptional wines.
Olaszrizling wine, generally regarded as the most successful Csopak varietal, shows an interesting variation of character. Those produced red clay soils tend to be elegant, delicate, and light, even at higher concentrations of alcohol and acidity. Wines from marl- and dolomite based vineyards have more body and extract, but can be softer depending on vintage.
The tempered continental climate of the Csopak is similar to that of Badacsony Hill. Angled hillside slopes and unique articulations of local terrain combine to from excellent microclimates in the area. Csopak region extends to the north as far as the ground surface rises; quality wine production ends where the terrain melts into the flats of Veszprém plateau. This phenomenon is easily explained: whereas the southern slopes are sheltered, the level ground above is ruthlessly exposed to cold northern winds swooping down from Magas-Bakony Mountains.
Regional geology is rather complex. The most ancient soil type is Silurian metamorphic phyllite, a type of schist, with volcanic intercalations that grow excellent wine near the villages of Alsóörs and Lovas, albeit in a very small area. The schist is overlain by Upper Permian sandstones of terrestrial origin, which result in distinct red soils enriched by silica. Layered on these sandstones are diverse carbonate rocks of the Triassic period – marl, calcareous marl, and dolomite – of weathered calcareous matter, which imparts a white color to the soil. This combination of red and white soils imbues the land with a unique geological appeal.